We see through the novels that I read this week, that they show and explain some feelings and problems of immigrants, also how emotions are different because of the sudden transition between different cultures, And how it affects the behavior and emotions of people towards the new and old cultures they came from.
The effect of social changes may be significant on the behavior of people, which is what happens to Ali in “My Son the Fanatic” ,we saw how Ali's personality changed in the story.
I personally have had a similar experience. I am from Iraq born and raised there. The Iraq war took place when I was nine years old, then the security situation deteriorated in the country after the war ended. My family left Iraq due to problems to Turkey.
I was only 10 years old. I encountered many problems when I arrived there, such as the difference of culture and language. I spend most of my days away from my parents. I was not understand anything that the students say at school, and I was very attached to my grandfather and I longed to him and I missed him a lot because the distance, where he continued to live in Iraq. I lived there for a long time for nine years and had an impact on my personality, then moved to the United States in a new culture. Different cultural factors affect the behavior of people. We have seen that in Ali's character in the story. Western cultures are characterized by a lot of freedom within society.
Parvez was very much afraid that freedom in society. Parvez was trying to keep his son Ali from exploiting the freedom he enjoys in insulting religion. Many migrant people change because of the freedom they enjoy. Where there is reverence for many issues within societies in the Middle East. Religion and religious figures within communities in the Middle East can not be abused because of respect that people give to them, In addition to the turmoil experienced by immigrants at the beginning of their lives in foreign communities, where people feel great isolation. We see in the story that Ali has become addicted to alcohol, and got a lot of changes on
When you look at the birth of Jean Rhys, she was born into a family of two different origins. Her father was of British origin, and her mother was of white native Indian origin.This ethnic difference between the parents had an influence on Jean's personality. They belonged to two different communities, and this may have a positive or negative impact on Jean's character. She also felt isolated. She felt that she did not belong to the society and community that she lived in, She lived a life full of turmoil, psychological problems that affected her personal behavior, This can be seen through her writings. Her writings were full of sensations, which shows the psychological problems that were going through Jean.As for the book, we see the cultural turmoil in which Jean lived in the Caribbean community. She was from a white British father. Her father loved the English heritage very much, and he kept a lot of books for this daughter because he thought his daughter loved this heritage too. Also the daughter was relieved, and also loved to be close to these books, because these books were reminiscent of the hands of her father.
On the other hand, her mother hated her father greatly, because her father did not treat her well . so she hated him and hated everything for him. As for Jean, she loved her father very much and she wanted to keep something that will remind her of her father. She began keeping her father's books, which contain British heritage, and British literature but her mother didn't have the same feeling towards her husband books, so the mother felt that the survival of these books at home was a continuation of the injustice that her husband was doing towards her. She was afraid that these books would have an impact on her daughter's character and become like her father's character, especially since they carry the same genes. The mother decided to burn these books, because they were a nightmare for her. This had a great effect on her daughter, where she felt persecuted for her Britannic origin. we see through this story the negative impact that is caused by family problems, on the personality of children, This affects their personality even when they grow up, and may lead to lifelong psychiatric disorders. It is the hardest feeling that a child hates his life with his family, they are the closest people to him or her, and that was for Jean.
"Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad is a conflict between humanity and brutality and shows how diverse human beings are, Showing the difference between civilized human and the wild instinct that may be in others. This text shows the difference that is caused by the migration of a certain person from a civilized country to a country where there is no image of civilization, and the spectrum of civilization has a great impact on the racism of peoples, as well as security and peace, and shows the great differences between civilized cities such as London, and places of backwardness such as the Congo, and pointed to it in darkness, It shows that there is a small difference between people who are urbanized and those who are brutal.
The importance of this novel lies in the fact that it discusses the most important issues of the early 20th century, namely European and especially British colonialism, and the resulting racial discrimination between whites and blacks. Joseph Conrad explains the concept of racism: how the individual is distinguished by some qualities that make him intellectually, socially and culturally different from the rest of the people, and it's a selfish thought that may arise in some societies, as well as the concept of imperialism and colonialism: the pursuit of a state to expand its power and influence through military, cultural and political colonialism, the use of military force, and other means.
The concept of safety, where the absence of this feeling is always in unknown or new places on the individual, as the text shows, is that Conrad has moved from two different places, from Europe with a different geographical nature and social patterns that differ from Africa and the Congo in particular, ٍso Africa was like an unknown darkness, unable to know what fate he will face. Despite all this, he tried to prove his superiority again in this new environment, the new social experiment, and was trying to develop a concept on how to treat with ambiguity or "darkness" in a new place, that he does not know anything about it.
The "Heart of Darkness" also contains great examples of the most important issues of the twentieth century, such as imperialism, colonialism and modernity and this is one of the most important writings of the twentieth century, also shows the concept of racism, which has been associated in different societies from ancient times until the present era.
Mrs Dalloway: This novel is one of Virginia Woolf's most famous novels, dealing with the story of a woman of British society in the period after the First World War. In this novel Woolf's blurs the distinction between direct and indirect speech throughout the novel.
The cultural movement in Britain has been undergoing radical change since the beginning of the 20th century, as the former rule that was in favor of the social laws that were in society changed at the beginning of the 20th century. This novel is a wonderful example of the renewal of the level of morals of literary content, as this novel discusses the complete control of women's sexual freedom, as these topics could not be addressed in the past because of the social controls that prevailed in society previously.
Also when we talk about The Other Boat for E.M Forster; this novel contains many characteristics that were not allowed in earlier times in British culture, where the British repression of natural instincts, as it reflect the natural life of Foster, shows his disappointment and fear of colonial rule and racial discrimination that was within the community.
And for Ulysses; this novel shows the concept of modernity, showing how this concept developed at the beginning of the twentieth century, also shows the relationship between Ireland and Britain. It also contains many of the characteristics that characterized this novel, such as humor and parody, which made it express one of the best literary works in history. In the end, these novels show a new concept in literary literature in British society where women began to control their sexual liberties, unlike in the past. This was a right for men and people could not express it, all of these show boldness in the presentation of topics in the twentieth century, unlike the previous, literary the topics and novels before the twentieth century did not show that, because it may face large social criticism.
The spread of education and cultural openness was one of the most important changes of the 20th century. The social and cultural barriers of the 20th century began to collapse. All these differences led to a change in the level of literary writings among writers in the British society.
The concept of modernity appeared for the first time among British writers in the 20th century, a concept that is different in the process of subtracting themes through direct analysis of the subject, rather than the indirect subtraction that was before the 20th century.
The fear of war dominated British society. The authors sought to warn of the consequences of the war and the problems it might cause. They directly criticized the causes of war, so the ceiling of liberties became greater.
One of the reasons for these books to criticize the concept of war is because of the devastation caused by World War I and the effects of this four-year war, which led to mass destruction and heavy casualties in British society. And fear of recurrence of this war again, especially since the tensions were continuing among the European countries, which led to most of the books and literary novels at that time talking about the war.
Glory of Women by Siegfried Sassoon where the writer attacked the women of the British society in the content of this poem, where this poem was the beginning of the attack on women between the writers of the British, where the title of the poem refers to the praise of the human but in fact the attack of women, which was the content of the poem. And Wilfred Owen’s poem, “Strange Meeting” contains a message of love and forgiveness. I wrote this poem at a time when hate and loathing were the basis of the relationship between people, where the war had killed millions of young people. The political unrest among the superpower nations led to the fear of a return to war, which led to the control of the subject of war on most of the writings of British literature.
In the end, the twentieth century was a cultural revolution for British society. The spread of learning among the members of the society led to increased scientific and cultural awareness of the people, and not to rely on specific people in order learn.
Robert Louis Stevenson presented a fascinating story about the intricacies of science and the dualism that is within human nature. he is a respected and a very intelligent scientist, as he was entering the dark side of science in the novel, Try to show in this novel that man contains the good inside, but there is a dark side in humans as well. from the beginning of “Jekyll and Hyde” by Robert Stevenson, we can recognize that he is not doing well in his mind or spirit.
For example, Dr. Jekel did not have the ambition to help anyone, but all the experiments he did in his lab for personal motives and inner obsession.
He did not use science for any noble purpose, but only for personal motives. I think through this, there will be vicissitudes in the personality and I expect it to occur when there is severe psychosocial pressure, and problems that have captured the thinking of the human and his life, which leads to control of the entire body. also in " The Importance of Being Earnest" for Oscar Wilde’s through which it was trying to revolutionize the Victorian society, which is characterized by extreme seriousness, where the great social commitments of that period, they tried to escape from all these traditions, prevailing in that period of time. The means presented in the two stories may be different but there is one goal, as they rely on an unreliable personal representation in social commitments, to escape from the social pressures they may face. So the text was adopted to show the constant contradiction in characters.
In conclusion, Humans live in peace with contradictions because of their ability to separate things from one another. When the contradictory statements, actions and emotions come out of its contextual fund, then we will be fine, contradictions exist entirely in our own lives, and are particularly evident in strong beliefs such as faith, morality, militancy, and so forth.
So Oscar wanted in “The Importance of Being Earnest” to show that there were many social rules in the Victorian era, trying to make fun of all this through these contradictions. He tried to show that the Earnestness is the first enemy of the morality, and examples of Earnestness like boringness and pomposity, these novels are considered the basis of the beginnings in the period of development of Britain at the political level, social and even the religious level.
The Importance of Being Earnest and Four Other Plays (Barnes & Noble Classics)
.In the beginning I would like to introduce the concept of Medievalism back in the middle ages, is a system that belief and practice about the principles that was in the middle ages, and an example shows that the architecture music and art is expressing that era. The Victorian era was a time filled with many intellectual changes by writers and poets at the time. At that time, the authors began to select topics that challenged community values in British society. They began to raise bold topics compared to what was then, such as stories of adultery and homosexuality. These themes were a big buzz in the community because it was something strange to the readers at the time. Some authors used the concept of analogy, as they would show their ideas by telling stories about ancient societies and many about the British society. By conveying stories to another time and place, these stories are easily accepted by community members. Because of these social obstacles Katherine Bradley and Edith Cooper wrote lyrics that celebrated lesbian desire and relationships between women using an alias Michael Field, also Charles Swinburne wrote about ancient Greece not about his society.
William Morris pictured Guenevere, presents a series of arguments in which he wants to show both psychological and and evidential, He tried to show complete innocence through sincerity.
It begins by claiming to get sympathy from people gathered because of her spiritual confusion, and helplessness against the power of the passion that she get. These appeals were aimed at showing off emotional betrayal and were aimed at touching the feelings of the public.
With this poem with many wonderful artistic qualities, through which it is possible to know the great poetic ability of this poet. Where he was only 24 years old when he said this poem. Many poets considered that there were many good poets at that time, but no one had the potential that Morris had.
I enjoyed a lot while reading “The Defence of Guenevere” poem, how he used to describe the girl as if you were seeing her and looking at her, and how he used these expressions to show her inner feelings, how she wanted to take kindness and help to stand with her and to get the tenderness that helps her to rise again. In this story, she defends her freedom against a group of erotic male characters and wants to do whatever it takes to achieve her goals.
As I said this poem makes you read it and you live the events and see it with your eyes and an example of that when he said:
"Listen, suppose your time were come to die,
And you were quite alone and very weak;
Yea, laid a dying while very mightily
It shows how man is in difficult moments, where weakness is dominant. Where when I read it, I saw the picture black and dark, fear and hopelessness controlled. Also when he said:
"'One of these cloths is heaven, and one is hell” Shows in this, the inevitable fate of the human where the fate after death is either living in heaven or living in hell.
Through my reading to prepare to write this blog, and Rossetti's lush paintings of women. I was able to see how the world was at that time, and especially how it treated women in that society. Where they were trying to reach the same goals through the poem and through pictures, how fate will be after death, and what a result of the sympathy that women can get by showing weakness to people. William Morris used mysterious characters of history, which was also a great use, in order to provide a clear vision of personality, and a good example of that the description of Guenevere when he she said “Though still she stood right up, and never shrunk,
But spoke on bravely, glorious lady fair”.
Professor Hope Jennings
Women in British History
There was much discussion in the early nineteenth century about women's education, and how far it should be about home business rather than the academic skills. Sarah Stickney Ellis has written many books on this subject, saying that women have a religious duty to educate the next generation correctly and instill moral values among young people for the benefit of society as a whole.
She shows that the idea of separate spheres for men and women prospered during the Victorian Era. Work was considered a public domain while domestic life was within the private sphere. Women were seen as members of the private sphere. Was the private sphere where women can exercise their influential power to guide men morally and show in her book that the role of women is a moral role rather than a role of actual work, Instilling good morals in children, and developing a strong will to resist any external temptation that is not sacred or harmful. (Greenblatt, p. 659).
She shows the duties of social women and their private sphere ", which explores the degree of influence of women in the private sphere. I also felt that she was arguing that the status of women was in the private sphere and therefore it was her duty to influence as much as possible her husband and children to make morally sound choices.
She looked at herself and the women of England. Using metaphors and practical language to portray that women have a subtle but influential force. They emphasize that although women do not control the domestic sphere but their influence is weighted heavily as they are considered the moral compass of the household.
Her argument is that women are the happiest in the private sphere "inside the house" and are assumed to have children, perform household tasks, and care for their husbands and children. Ellis's use of metaphor, which compares the male to the sun and the woman to the earth, concludes that the earth is no less important than the sun, indicating that women may not dominate the private sphere but do not diminish their importance within it. (Greenblatt, p.289).
Later, Ellis compares the women in sand grains to the beach. They attach importance to the importance of sand on the beach. .
Her book also identifies and shows that the Sabbath "Saturday" is a day to devote to religion So on that day, people are more in tune with their moral feelings. Because Ellis considers women a moral compass of the family, Sunday can be considered a day for women to devote to ensuring that their family members are on track.